All countries that have ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child have promised to respect the rights of the child. Still, violations of these rights are common in all countries.
You have the right to say what you think about any issue that affects you. Adults should listen to the child’s opinion before they make decisions, which must always be in the child’s best interests. Is this how things are in your country and in the world today? You and the rest of the world’s children know best! Therefore, YOUR voice must be heard!
Every year, circa 140 million children are born. Of these, 1 in 4 children are never registered before they turn five. Thus, 237 million children under five have no written proof that they exist. This can make it difficult to, for example, go to school or see a doctor.
Around 1 in 7 of the world's children under five are malnourished. It affects their development for the rest of their lives. Many children, on average 15,000 a day, that is, one child every six seconds, die before the age of five. In low-income countries, at least half of young children die of preventable diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhea, tetanus and AIDS. Only 6 out of 10 children with malaria receive proper care, and only half of the children experiencing poverty in countries with malaria have mosquito nets to sleep under. But much has improved: Since 1990, infant mortality in the world has more than halved!
The number of children forced to work has increased in recent years to 160 million children, 1 in 10 children. In the poorest countries, about 1 in 4 children work. For 79 million children, work harms their safety, health, development, and schooling. Girls are especially vulnerable to commercial sexual exploitation, CSEC. Around 300,000 children are used in war as soldiers, porters or deminers. Due to the pandemic, millions of more children risk being forced to work. More boys than girls work, and more children in rural areas work than in cities. And of all the millions of people trafficked each year, a third are estimated to be children.
According to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, you may only be locked in as a last resort and for the shortest possible time. Children who have committed a crime must receive care and help and they must never be punished with life imprisonment or death. No child may be subjected to torture or other cruel treatment. However, violence, solitary confinement and other abuses of children deprived of their freedom are common.
Sources: Unicef. Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children.
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