Laneng
How are Cambodia’s children?

Cambodia has ratified (pledged to follow) the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. This means that Cambodia must respect the rights of the child and listen to what children have to say. Are the rights of the child respected in Cambodia?

5.8 million children

15.8 million people live in Cambodia. 5.8 million are children, and 1.8 million of the children are under five years old.

Name and nationality

From the day you are born you have the right to have a name and to be registered as a citizen in your country. 368,000 children are born every year in Cambodia. 3 out of 10 of them are never registered. There is no documented proof that they exist!

Survive and grow

You have the right to life. Cambodia must do all it can to allow children to survive and develop. 1 out of 32 children in Cambodia (11,000 every year) dies before the age of 5, usually due to causes that could have been prevented.

Channy, 12, fetches water to wash and make breakfast in a pond near her small, square, one-roomed house with a tin roof. Her parents have gone to Cambodia’s neighbouring country Thailand to find work. There are no jobs in Channy’s small village. © Kim Naylor/WCPF

Health & well-being

You have the right to food, clean water, medical care and to privacy when consulting an adult about any health problem. 7 out of 10 children in Cambodia have water from improved water sources, and 5 out of 10 have access to adequate sanitation facilities.

Channy, 12, and her little sister cook and eat in their kitchen area. Channy gets support from Child Rights Hero John Wood to be able to go to school. © Kim Naylor/WCPF

A home, clothing, food and security

You have the right to a home, food and security. 2 out of 100 children in Cambodia live in extreme poverty with less than 1.90 US-dollar (7,680 Cambodian Riel) a day to live on.

Sacty, 14, lives in Kompong Phluk, a floating fishing village. She loves school. “My grandfather keeps nagging me, saying that I should quit school and start working again, but my mother refuses ... I’m going to build a better future for me and my whole family!” More about Sacty. © Kim Naylor/WCPF

Education

You have the right to go to school. Primary and secondary schools should be free for everyone. More than 9 out of 10 children in Cambodia go to school, but many of them leave school too early. And many children, especially children from minority populations, do not go to school at all.

During the Khmer Rouge dictatorship in Cambodia, children were both treated violently and forced to use violence. Child Rights Hero Phymean Noun grew up during this dark period.

Protection against violence

You have the right to protection against all forms of violence, including neglect, maltreatment and abuse. Only 60 countries have forbidden all forms of corporal punishment for children. In 2019, Cambodia committed to reforming its laws to ban corporal punishment but no law has been achieved yet. Many schools still allow caning.

Kean and her sister spend every day looking for trash they can sell. Sometimes they are so hungry that they eat food that others have thrown out. The clothes they wear come from the dump too. More about Kean © Alexandra Ellis/WCPF

Hazardous child labour

You have the right to be protected against both economic exploitation and work that is hazardous to your health or which prevents you from going to school. All work is prohibited for children under 12. Some children are forced into the worst forms of child labour, such as being debt slaves, child soldiers or used for commercial sexual exploitation. An estimated 600,000 children aged 5-14 in Cambodia have to work.

Your voice must be heard

You have the right to say what you think about any issue that affects you. The adults should listen to the child’s opinion before they make decisions, which must always be made in the best interest of the child!
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